Subscribe to VETERINARY PRACTICE NEWS   SUBSCRIBER SERVICES    Bookmark and Share
VPN Logo   
 Home   About Us   Contact Us
10:18 PM   April 24, 2014
Your E-mail:
 

 
Bookmark and Share
Study Finds High Prevalence of Retrovirus Infection Among Cats with Oral Disease

By Lori Luechtefeld

Brought to you by

The prevalence of feline immunodeficiency virus and feline leukemia virus is significantly higher in feline oral disease patients than it is in the general cat population, according to the findings of a new study.

Sponsored by Idexx Laboratories Inc. of Westbrook, Maine, the study screened 8,982 orally diseased cats between January and April of 2006. Of these cats, 1,276 were retrovirus-positive, a 14.2 percent prevalence. According to the researchers, cats with gingivitis and stomatitis exhibited 14.3 percent and 23.9 percent prevalence of retroviral infection, respectively.

Other recent studies have found the nationwide prevalence of FeLV and FIV in the general cat population to be about 3.3 percent and 3.4 percent, respectively, the researchers report.

“The clinical significance of these results has far-reaching implications,” says Jan Bellows, DVM, Dipl. AVDC, Dipl. ABVP, one of the study’s authors. “It is generally believed that feline gingivitis is related to an immune response to plaque and bacteria, while gingivostomatitis is probably a multifactoral disease in which most patients have elevated calicivirus titers.

“Illness in retrovirus-infected cats is often secondary disease acquired because of immunosuppression and not a direct effect of the retrovirus infection,” Dr. Bellows adds. “Both FeLV and FIV are immunosuppressive diseases, and although there are differences due to the direct specific effects of each virus, the majority of health problems in retrovirus-positive cats are due to secondary diseases associated with immunosuppression.”

With the new study’s findings in mind, Bellows says that FIV and FeLV testing in all cats presented to veterinarians for oral disease with an unknown retroviral status is appropriate.

 Give us your opinion on
Study Finds High Prevalence of Retrovirus Infection Among Cats with Oral Disease

Submit a Comment

Industry Professional Site: Comments from non-industry professionals will be removed.

Reader Comments
See: Human & Feline Invasive Cervical Resorption Journal of Endodontics Vol. 35 #6 p 904 June 2009
Charles Dunlap, Kansas City,, MO
Posted: 3/30/2011 7:10:51 AM
View Current Comments

Click here to subscribe

Subscriber Services

See all veterinary videos
Featured Vet Grooming Video 
Video Button
Facebook
BROUGHT TO YOU BY Veterinary Practice News

Copyright ©   I-5 Publishing, LLC. All rights reserved.
Our Privacy Policy has changed.
PRIVACY POLICY/YOUR CALIFORNIA PRIVACY RIGHTS.
Terms of Use | Guidelines for Participation

Gold Standard

*Content generated by our loyal visitors, which includes comments and club postings, is free of constraints from our editors’ red pens, and therefore not governed by I-5 Publishing, LLC’s Gold Standard Quality Content, but instead allowed to follow the free form expression necessary for quick, inspired and spontaneous communication.