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An Emerging Standard of Care for TL IVDD

May 2013 Footnotes

By Narda Robinson, DVM, DO, Dipl. ABMA, FAAMA

Posted: May 21, 2013, 1:45 p.m. EDT

These are the footnotes for Dr. Robinson's May 2013 Evidence Based Medicine column, An Emerging Standard of Care for TL IVDD.

1 Favre DS. Veterinarian malpractice. Michigan State University College of Law. Animal Legal and Historical Center, 2002. Accessed at /redirect.aspx? on 03-02-13.
2 Samanta A and Samanta J. Legal standard of care: a shift from the traditional Bolam test. Clin Med. 2003;3(5):443-446.
3 Davies J. Clinical guidelines as a tool for legal liability. An international perspective. Med Law. 2009;28(4):603-613.
4 Samanta A and Samanta J. Legal standard of care: a shift from the traditional Bolam test. Clin Med. 2003;3(5):443-446.
5 Robinson NG.  Nonsurgical options for IVDD? Keeping hope, and dogs, alive. Veterinary Practice News. May 23, 2011. Accessed at on 03-07-13.
6 Robinson NG. Laser therapy may work on TL IVDD. Veterinary Practice News. Accessed at on 03-07-13.
7 Robinson NG. Acupuncture for neurologic recovery. Veterinary Practice News. Accessed at on 03-07-13.
8 Choi DC, Lee JY, Moon YJ, et al. Acupuncture-mediated inhibition of inflammation facilitates significant functional recovery after spinal cord injury. Neurobiology of Disease. 2010;39:272-282.
9 Belavy DL, Bansmann PM, Bohme G, et al. Changes in intervertebral disc morphology persist 5 mo after 21-day bed rest. J Appl Physiol. 2011;111(5):1304-1314.
10 Stern C. Summaries of nursing care-related systematic reviews from the Cochrane Library: Bed rest for acute low-back pain and sciatica. Int J Evid Based Healthc. 2010;8(3):153-154.
11 Draper WE, Schubert TA, Clemmons RM, et al.  Low-level laser therapy reduces time to ambulation in dogs after hemilaminectomy: a preliminary study. J Small Anim Pract. 2012;53(8):465-469.
12 Hayashi AM, Matera JM, Fonseca Pinto AC. Evaluation of electroacupuncture treatment for thoracolumbar intervertebral disk disease in dogs. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2007;231(6):913-918.
13 Joaquim JG, Luna SP, Brondani JT, et al. Comparison of decompressive surgery, electroacupuncture, and decompressive surgery followed by electroacupuncture for the treatment of dogs with intervertebral disk disease with long-standing severe neurologic deficits. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2010;236(11):1225-1229.
14 Carey S. Study: Laser treatment helps dogs with spinal cord injury. The Veterinary Page, UF College of Veterinary Medicine. Accessed at /redirect.aspx? on 03-07-13.
15 Texas A&M University. College of Veterinary Medicine & Biomedical Sciences. Cage rest for spinal cord injury. Accessed at /redirect.aspx? on 03-07-13.
16 Arthurs G. Spinal instability resulting from bilateral mini-hemilaminectomy and pediculectomy. Vet Comp Orthop Traumatol. 2009;22:422-426.
17 Brisson BA, Moffatt SL, Swayne SL, et al. Recurrence of thoracolumbar intervertebral disk extrusion in chondrodystrophic dogs after surgical decompression with or without prophylactic fenestration: 265 cases (1995-1999). J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2004;224:1808-1814.
18 Fox J, Haig AJ, Todey B, et al. The effect of required physiatrist consultation on surgery rates for back pain. Spine. 2013; 38(3):E178-184.
19 Bergman SB, Yarkony GM, and Stiens ST. Spinal cord injury rehabilitation. 2. Medical complications. Arch Phy Med Rehabil. 1997;78:S53-S58.
20 Gunn CG, Milbrandt WE, Little AS, et al. Dry needling of muscle motor points for chronic low-back pain. A randomized clinical trial with long-term follow-up. Spine. 1980;5(3):279-291.
21 Nayak S, Shiflett SC, Schoenberger NE, et al. Is acupuncture effective in treating chronic pain after spinal cord injury? Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2001;82:1578-1586.
22 Hides JA, Lambrecht G, Richardson CA, et al. The effects of rehabilitation on the muscles of the trunk following prolonged bed rest. Eur Spine J. 2011;20(5);808-818.
23 Warfield CA and Kahn CH. Acute pain management. Programs in US hospitals and experiences and attitudes among US adults. Anesthesiology. 1995;83:1090-1094. Cited in: Yeh M-L, Chung Y-C, Chen K-M, et al. Acupoint electrical stimulation reduces acute postoperative pain in surgical patients with patient-controlled analgesia: a randomized controlled study. Altern Ther Health Med. 2010;16(6):10-18.
24 Atlas SJ, Keller RB, Su YA, et al. Long-term outcomes of surgical and nonsurgical management of sciatica secondary to a lumbar disc herniation: 10 year results from the Maine Lumbar Spine Study. Spine. 2005;30(8):927-935.
25 McKee WM, Downes CJ, Pink JJ, et al. Presumptive exercise-associated peracute thoracolumbar disc extrusion in 48 dogs. Veterinary Record. 2010;166(17):523-528.
26 Dankaerts W, O’Sullivan PB, Burnett AF, et al. The use of a mechanism-based classification system to evaluate and direct management of a patient with non-specific chronic low back pain and motor control impairment – a case report. Manual Therapy. 2007;12(2):181-191.

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