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Botanical Medicine: What Every Clinician Should Know

December 2013 Footnotes

By Narda Robinson, DO, DVM

Posted: December 3, 2013, 4:50 p.m. EDT

These are the footnotes for Dr. Robinson's December 2013 Evidence Based Medicine column, Botanical Medicine: What Every Clinician Should Know.


1 Pope KV.  Evidence-based Chinese herbal medicine.  Clinician’s Brief.  May 2013; 29-31.
2 Fukunaga K and Orito K.  Time-course effects of ST. John’s wort on the pharmacokinetics of cyclosporine in dogs:  interactions between herbal extracts and drugs.  J Vet Pharmacol Ther.  2012;35(5):446-451.
3 Tessier DJ and Bash DS.  A surgeon’s guide to herbal supplements.  Journal of Surgical Research.  2003;114:30-36.
4 Bent S.  Herbal medicine in the United States:  review of efficacy, safety, and regulation.  J Gen Intern Med.  2008;23(6):854-859.
5 Sudekum M et al.  Pennyroyal oil toxicosis in a dog.  J Am Vet Med Assoc.  1992;200(6):817-818.
6 Tang ZL et al.  Effects of the preoperative administration of Yunnan Baiyao capsules on intraoperative blood loss in bimaxillary orthognathic surgery:  a prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study.  Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg.  2009;38(3):261-266.
7 Cicero AFG et al.  Panax notoginseng (Burk.) effects on fibrinogen and lipid plasma level in rats fed on a high-fat diet.  Phytotherapy Reearch.  2003;17:174-178.
8 Salgado B et al.  Successful treatment of canine open cervix-pyometra with Yunnan Paiyao, a Chinese herbal preparation.  Veterinary Research Communications.  2007;31:405-412.
9 China Daily.  Consumer advocate sues Yunnan Baiyao.  Accessed at /redirect.aspx?
10 Tessier DJ and Bash DS.  A surgeon’s guide to herbal supplements.  Journal of Surgical Research.  2003;114:30-36.
11 Pearson W.  Concurrent use of veterinary drugs and herbal medicines in racing Standardbreds.  Can Vet J.  2009;50:1283-1285.
12 Williams CA and Lamprecht ED.  Some commonly fed herbs and other functional foods in equine nutrition:  a review.  Vet J.  2008;178(1):21-31.
13 Robinson NG.  Chinese herbs:  selling strychnine.  Accessed on 09-25-13 at /redirect.aspx?
14 ChinaScope Financial.  UK to ban Traditional Chinese Medicine sales in 2014.  Accessed at /redirect.aspx? on 09-25-13.
15 Kupferschmidt K.  Dangers of Chinese medicine brought to light by DNA studies.  Science.  Accessed at /redirect.aspx? on 09-25-13.
16 VIN Alternative Medicine Message Board.  Accessed at /redirect.aspx? on 09-28-13.
17 Sivula NJ.  TCVM for the treatment of cervical intervertebral disc disease in a dog.  TCVM Newsletter:  Voice of Dr. Xie’s Jing Tang Herbal.  2010; Issue 13.  P. 7.  Accessed at /redirect.aspx? on 09-28-13.
18 Xie H.  TCVM treatment of intervertebral disk disease.  TCVM News.  2011;14.  Accessed at /redirect.aspx? on 09-28-13.
19 Robinson NG.  Chinese herbs:  selling strychnine.  Accessed on 09-25-13 at /redirect.aspx?
20 Euroherbs.  Double P II 200-0, 5 g caps.  Accessed at /redirect.aspx? on 09-28-13.  Note that due to concerned about the inclusion of endangered ingredients in this product, the contents had to be "adjusted” in order to conform to CITES (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora) rules.
21 Debbie S, Graeme L, Pierre D, et al.  Pharmacovigilance of herbal medicine.  Journal of Ethnopharmacology.  2012140:513-518.
22 Cooper K, Noller B, Connell D, et al.  Public health risks from heavy metals and metalloids present in Traditional Chinese Medicines.  Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health, Part A.  2007;70:1694-1699.
23 Fu PP, Chiang H-M, Xia Q, et al.  Quality assurance and safety of herbal dietary supplements.  Journal of Environmental Science and Health Part C.  2009;27:91-119.
24 Ko RJ.  Adulterants in Asian patent medicines.  New England Journal of Medicine.  1998;339(12):847.  Cited in Amster E, Tiwary A, and Schenker MB.  Case report:  potential arsenic toxicosis secondary to herbal kelp supplement.  Environmental Health Perspectives.  2007;115(4):606-608.
25 Food and Drug Administration, Animal & Veterinary.  Product Regulation.  Accessed at /redirect.aspx? on 09-29-13.
26 Grassie LA.  Update on animal dietary supplements.  Updated 04-11-13.  Accessed at on 09-29-13.
27 Policy on Complementary, Alternative and Integrative Veterinary Medicine.  Approved by the AVMA House of Delegates on 07/29/13.  Accessed at /redirect.aspx? on 09-28-13.
28 McKenzie B.  Traditional Chinese Veterinary Medicine.  May 22, 2011.  Accessed at /redirect.aspx? on 09-28-13.
29 AVMA website.  Principles of veterinary medical ethics of the AVMA.  VI (C).  "It is unethical for veterinarians to promote, sell, prescribe, dispense, or use secret remedies or any other product for which they do not know the ingredients.”  Accessed at /redirect.aspx? on 09-26-13.
30 Robinson NG.  Freedom from folklore.  Veterinary Practice News.  Accessed at /redirect.aspx? on 10-13-13.
31 VM 780A3.  Evidence-based medical herbology.  An elective, semester-long, 1 credit course for third-year PVM students.  Course director:  Narda G. Robinson, DO, DVM, MS.
32 Robinson N.  How safe is kelp for thyroid patients?  Veterinary Practice News.  March 21, 2011.  Accessed at /redirect.aspx? on 10-13-13.
33 Dey S, Saxena A, Dan A, et al.  Indian medicinal herb:  a source of lead and cadmium for humans and animals.  Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health.  2009;64(3):164-167.
34 Chen T-H, Chang H-C, and Lue K-Y.  Unregulated trade in turtle shells for Chinese Traditional Medicine in East and Southeast Asia:  the case of Taiwan.  Chelonian Conservation and Biology.  2009;8(1):11-18.
35 Buckley L.  Conference on Traditional Chinese Medicine marks shift towards global market, raises concerns about social and ecological impact.  Worldwatch Institute website.  Obtained at /redirect.aspx? on December 14, 2008.
36 Tessier DJ and Bash DS.  A surgeon’s guide to herbal supplements.  Journal of Surgical Research.  2003;114:30-36.
37 Robinson N.  Herbs might muddy chemo outcomes.  Veterinary Practice News.  Accessed at /redirect.aspx? on 10-13-13.
38 Meijerman I, Beijnen JH, and Schellens JHM.  Herb-drug interactions in oncology:  focus on mechanisms of induction.  Oncologist.  2006;11:724-752.
39 Greenlee H, et al.  Clinical applications of Silybum marianum  in oncology.  Integrative Cancer Therapies.  2007;6(2):158-166.
40 Holliday JC et al.  Preclinical evaluation of concurrent medicinal mushroom-based immune-enhancement supplementation in dogs undergoing chemotherapy for various cancers.  International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms.  2009;11(2):16-184.   
41 Brown DC and Reetz J.  Single agent polysaccharopeptide delays metastases and improves survival in naturally occurring hemangiosarcoma.  Evid Based Complement Alternat Med.  2012; 2012:384301.
42 Robinson N.  The skinny on herbs for the skin.  Veterinary Practice News.  Jan 4, 2012.  Accessed at /redirect.aspx? on 10-13-13.
43 Robinson N.  Superbugs:  can plants save us?  Veterinary Practice News.  July 26, 2013.  Accessed at /redirect.aspx? on 10-13-13.
44 Anthoni C et al.  Mechanisms underlying the anti-inflammatory actions of boswellic acid derivatives in experimental colitis.  Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol.  2006;290(6):G1131-1137.
45 Gupta I et al.  Effects of gum resin of Boswellia serrata  in patients with chronic colitis.  Planta Med.  2001;67:391-395.
46 Abdualmjid RJ and Sergi C.  Hepatotoxic botanicals – an evidence-based systematic review.  J Pharm Pharmaceut Sci.  2013;16(3):376-404.
47 Robinson N. Bupleurum:  Liver help or liver harm?  Veterinary Practice News.  June 22, 2011.  Accessed at /redirect.aspx? on 10-13-13.
48 Robinson N.  Brain benefits of CAVM for epilepsy.  Veterinary Practice News.   March 22, 2012.  Accessed at /redirect.aspx?
49 Hielm-Bjorkman A et al.  Panax ginseng in combination with brewers’ yeast (Gerivet®) as a stimulant for geriatric dogs:  a controlled, randomized, blinded study.  J Vet Pharmacol Therap.  2007;30:295-304.
50 Robinson N.  Natural stress busters for cats.  Veterinary Practice News.  October 27, 2011.  Accessed at /redirect.aspx?
51 Robinson N.  Catnip confidential.  Veterinary Practice News.  Feb. 1, 2012.  Accessed at /redirect.aspx? on 10-13-13.
52 Reichling J et al. Dietary support with Boswellia resin in canine inflammatory joint and spinal disease. Schweiz Arch Tierheilkd. 2004;146(2):71-79.
53 Pigliucci M and Boudry M.  The dangers of pseudoscience.  The New York Times.  Opinionator.  October 10, 2013.  Accessed at /redirect.aspx? on 10-11-13.



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